Skip to content
Projects
Groups
Snippets
Help
Loading...
Help
Support
Keyboard shortcuts
?
Submit feedback
Contribute to GitLab
Sign in
Toggle navigation
I
iristimeproofs
Project overview
Project overview
Details
Activity
Releases
Repository
Repository
Files
Commits
Branches
Tags
Contributors
Graph
Compare
Issues
0
Issues
0
List
Boards
Labels
Milestones
Merge Requests
0
Merge Requests
0
CI / CD
CI / CD
Pipelines
Jobs
Schedules
Analytics
CI / CD Analytics
Repository Analytics
Value Stream Analytics
Wiki
Wiki
Snippets
Snippets
Members
Members
Collapse sidebar
Close sidebar
Activity
Graph
Create a new issue
Jobs
Commits
Issue Boards
Open sidebar
Glen Mével
iristimeproofs
Commits
e19aa532
Commit
e19aa532
authored
Nov 15, 2018
by
Glen Mével
Browse files
Options
Browse Files
Download
Email Patches
Plain Diff
Prove soundness of Combined.v
parent
21f2b119
Changes
2
Hide whitespace changes
Inline
Sidebyside
Showing
2 changed files
with
551 additions
and
63 deletions
+551
63
theories/Combined.v
theories/Combined.v
+546
62
theories/union_find/Proof.v
theories/union_find/Proof.v
+5
1
No files found.
theories/Combined.v
View file @
e19aa532
(
*
TEMPORARY
:
*
This
file
is
far
from
being
complete
.
It
only
addresses
the
case
when
*
max_tc
<
max_tr
,
and
soundness
is
not
done
yet
.
Definitions
will
change
.
*
It
does
provide
a
(
hopefully
)
workable
interface
for
proving
programs
with
*
time
credits
and
time
receipts
,
including
proof

mode
tactics
.
*
)
From
iris_time
.
heap_lang
Require
Import
proofmode
notation
adequacy
lang
.
From
iris
.
base_logic
Require
Import
invariants
.
...
...
@@ 65,6 +58,8 @@ Class tctrHeapPreG Σ := {
tctrHeapPreG_inG_TRdup
:>
inG
Σ
(
authR
mnatUR
)
;
}
.
Class
UseTC
:=
useTC
:
bool
.
Class
tctrHeapG
Σ
:=
{
tctrHeapG_heapG
:>
heapG
Σ
;
tctrHeapG_inG_TC
:>
inG
Σ
(
authR
natUR
)
;
...
...
@@ 74,6 +69,7 @@ Class tctrHeapG Σ := {
tctrHeapG_name_TC
:
gname
;
tctrHeapG_name_TR
:
gname
;
tctrHeapG_name_TRdup
:
gname
;
tctrHeapG_useTC
:>
UseTC
;
}
.
Local
Notation
γ
:=
tctrHeapG_name_TC
.
...
...
@@ 89,39 +85,46 @@ Local Notation ℓ := tick_counter.
(
*
This
code
is
irrelevant
for
tick_spec
but
has
to
be
unsafe
for
proving
*
the
safety
theorem
:
*
)
Definition
fail
:
val
:=
λ
:
<>
,
#()
#().
Global
Instance
credits_tick
{
_
:
TickCounter
}
:
Tick
:=
generic_tick
fail
.
Definition
loop
:
val
:=
rec:
"f"
<>
:=
"f"
#().
Global
Instance
tctr_tick
{
_
:
TickCounter
}
{
_
:
UseTC
}
:
Tick
:=
generic_tick
(
if
useTC
then
fail
else
loop
).
Section
Definitions
.
Context
`
{
tctrHeapG
Σ
}
.
Context
(
max_tc
max_tr
:
nat
).
Context
{
Ineq
:
max_tc
<
max_tr
}
.
Definition
TC
(
n
:
nat
)
:
iProp
Σ
:=
own
γ
(
◯
nat
n
)
.
if
useTC
then
own
γ
(
◯
nat
n
)
else
True
%
I
.
Lemma
TC_plus
m
n
:
TC
(
m
+
n
)
≡
(
TC
m
∗
TC
n
)
%
I
.
Proof
using
.
by
rewrite
/
TC
auth_frag_op
own_op
.
Qed
.
Proof
using
.
rewrite
/
TC
;
destruct
useTC
.

by
rewrite
auth_frag_op
own_op
.

by
iStartProof
.
Qed
.
Lemma
TC_succ
n
:
TC
(
S
n
)
≡
(
TC
1
%
nat
∗
TC
n
)
%
I
.
Proof
using
.
by
rewrite
(
eq_refl
:
S
n
=
1
+
n
)
%
nat
TC_plus
.
Qed
.
Lemma
TC_weaken
(
n
₁
n
₂
:
nat
)
:
(
n
₂
≤
n
₁
)
%
nat
→
TC
n
₁

∗
TC
n
₂
.
Proof
using
.
apply
own_auth_nat_weaken
.
Qed
.
Proof
using
.
rewrite
/
TC
;
destruct
useTC
.

by
apply
own_auth_nat_weaken
.

done
.
Qed
.
Lemma
TC_timeless
n
:
Timeless
(
TC
n
).
Proof
using
.
exact
_.
Qed
.
Proof
using
.
rewrite
/
TC
;
destruct
useTC
;
exact
_.
Qed
.
(
*
We
give
higher
priorities
to
the
(
+
)
instances
so
that
the
(
S
n
)
instances
are
not
chosen
when
m
is
a
constant
.
*
)
...
...
@@ 156,7 +159,6 @@ Section Definitions.
Timeless
(
TR
n
).
Proof
using
.
exact
_.
Qed
.
(
*
We
give
higher
priorities
to
the
(
+
)
instances
so
that
the
(
S
n
)
instances
are
not
chosen
when
m
is
a
constant
.
*
)
Global
Instance
into_sep_TR_plus
m
n
:
IntoSep
(
TR
(
m
+
n
))
(
TR
m
)
(
TR
n
)

0.
...
...
@@ 190,20 +192,23 @@ Section Definitions.
Definition
tctrN
:=
nroot
.
@
"combinedTimeCreditTimeReceipt"
.
Context
(
max_tr
:
nat
).
Definition
TCTR_invariant
:
iProp
Σ
:=
inv
tctrN
(
∃
(
m
:
nat
),
⌜
(
m
≤
max_tc
)
%
nat
⌝
⌜
(
m
<
max_tr
)
%
nat
⌝
∗
ℓ
↦
#
m
∗
own
γ
(
●
nat
m
)
∗
own
γ
1
(
●
nat
(
max_t
c

m
))
∗
own
γ
2
(
●
mnat
(
max_t
c

m
))
∗
(
if
useTC
then
own
γ
(
●
nat
m
)
else
True
)
∗
own
γ
1
(
●
nat
(
max_t
r

1

m
))
∗
own
γ
2
(
●
mnat
(
max_t
r

1

m
))
)
%
I
.
Lemma
zero_TC
E
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant
={
E
}=
∗
TC
0.
Proof
using
.
rewrite
/
TC
/
TCTR_invariant
;
destruct
useTC
;
last
by
auto
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Htickinv"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
">(? & ? & H● & ?)"
"InvClose"
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_nat_null
with
"H●"
)
as
"[H● $]"
.
...
...
@@ 215,7 +220,7 @@ Section Definitions.
TCTR_invariant
={
E
}=
∗
TR
0.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Htickinv"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(? & ? & ? & Hγ1● &
?)"
"InvClose"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>? & >? & ? & >Hγ1● & >
?)"
"InvClose"
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_nat_null
with
"Hγ1●"
)
as
"[Hγ1● $]"
.
iApply
"InvClose"
;
eauto
with
iFrame
.
Qed
.
...
...
@@ 225,7 +230,7 @@ Section Definitions.
TCTR_invariant
={
E
}=
∗
TRdup
0.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Htickinv"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(? & ? & ? & ? &
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>? & >? & ? & >? & >
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_mnat_null
with
"Hγ2●"
)
as
"[Hγ2● $]"
.
iApply
"InvClose"
;
eauto
with
iFrame
.
Qed
.
...
...
@@ 233,16 +238,16 @@ Section Definitions.
Lemma
TR_nmax_absurd
(
E
:
coPset
)
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
TR
max_tr
={
E
}=
∗
False
.
Proof
using
Ineq
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Inv Hγ1◯"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(I & _ & _ &
Hγ1● & _)"
"InvClose"
;
iDestruct
"I"
as
%
I
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>I & _ & _ & >
Hγ1● & _)"
"InvClose"
;
iDestruct
"I"
as
%
I
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_nat_le
with
"Hγ1● Hγ1◯"
)
as
%
I
'
.
exfalso
;
lia
.
Qed
.
Lemma
TR_lt_nmax
n
(
E
:
coPset
)
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
TR
n
={
E
}=
∗
TR
n
∗
⌜
n
<
max_tr
⌝
%
nat
.
Proof
using
Ineq
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Inv Hγ1◯"
.
destruct
(
le_lt_dec
max_tr
n
)
as
[
I

I
]
;
last
by
iFrame
.
iDestruct
(
TR_weaken
n
max_tr
with
"Hγ1◯"
)
as
"Hγ1◯"
;
first
done
.
...
...
@@ 253,16 +258,16 @@ Section Definitions.
Lemma
TRdup_nmax_absurd
(
E
:
coPset
)
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
TRdup
max_tr
={
E
}=
∗
False
.
Proof
using
Ineq
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Inv Hγ2◯"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(I & _ & _ & _ &
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
;
iDestruct
"I"
as
%
I
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>I & _ & _ & _ & >
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
;
iDestruct
"I"
as
%
I
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_mnat_le
with
"Hγ2● Hγ2◯"
)
as
%
I
'
.
exfalso
;
lia
.
Qed
.
Lemma
TRdup_lt_nmax
n
(
E
:
coPset
)
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
TRdup
n
={
E
}=
∗
TRdup
n
∗
⌜
n
<
max_tr
⌝
%
nat
.
Proof
using
Ineq
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Inv Hγ1◯"
.
destruct
(
le_lt_dec
max_tr
n
)
as
[
I

I
]
;
last
by
iFrame
.
iDestruct
(
TRdup_weaken
n
max_tr
with
"Hγ1◯"
)
as
"Hγ1◯"
;
first
done
.
...
...
@@ 273,59 +278,77 @@ Section Definitions.
Lemma
TR_TRdup
(
E
:
coPset
)
n
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
TR
n
={
E
}=
∗
TR
n
∗
TRdup
n
.
Proof
using
max_tr
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
(
?
)
"#Inv Hγ1◯"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(I & Hℓ & Hγ● & Hγ1● &
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>I & >Hℓ & Hγ● & >Hγ1● & >
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
iDestruct
(
own_auth_nat_le
with
"Hγ1● Hγ1◯"
)
as
%
I
'
.
iDestruct
(
auth_mnat_update_read_auth
with
"Hγ2●"
)
as
">[Hγ2● Hγ2◯]"
.
iAssert
(
TR
n
∗
TRdup
n
)
%
I
with
"[$Hγ1◯ Hγ2◯]"
as
"$"
.
{
rewrite
(
_
:
(
max_t
c

m
)
%
nat
=
(
max_tc

m
)
%
nat
`max
`
n
)
;
last
lia
.
rewrite
(
_
:
(
max_t
r

1

m
)
%
nat
=
(
max_tr

1

m
)
%
nat
`max
`
n
)
;
last
lia
.
iDestruct
"Hγ2◯"
as
"[_ $]"
.
}
iApply
"InvClose"
.
auto
with
iFrame
.
Qed
.
Theorem
loop_spec
s
E
(
Φ
:
val
→
iProp
Σ
)
:
WP
loop
#()
@
s
;
E
{{
Φ
}}%
I
.
Proof
.
iL
ö
b
as
"IH"
.
wp_rec
.
iExact
"IH"
.
Qed
.
Theorem
tick_spec
s
E
(
v
:
val
)
n
:
↑
tctrN
⊆
E
→
TCTR_invariant

∗
{{{
▷
TC
1
∗
▷
TRdup
n
}}}
tick
v
@
s
;
E
{{{
RET
v
;
TR
1
∗
TRdup
(
n
+
1
)
}}}
.
Proof
using
max_tr
.
Proof
using
.
intros
?
.
iIntros
"#Inv"
(
Ψ
)
"!# [Hγ◯ Hγ2◯] HΨ"
.
iL
ö
b
as
"IH"
.
wp_lam
.
(
*
open
the
invariant
,
in
order
to
read
the
value
m
of
location
ℓ
:
*
)
wp_bind
(
!
_
)
%
E
;
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
>(I & Hℓ & Hγ● & Hγ1● &
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
)
"
(>I & >Hℓ & Hγ● & >Hγ1● & >
Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
wp_load
.
(
*
deduce
that
m
≥
1
,
because
we
hold
a
time
credit
:
*
)
iDestruct
(
own_auth_nat_le
with
"Hγ● Hγ◯"
)
as
%
J
.
(
*
in
the
case
where
we
are
using
time
credits
,
deduce
that
m
≥
1
,
because
we
hold
a
time
credit
:
*
)
iAssert
(
⌜
useTC
=
true
⌝

∗
⌜
1
≤
m
⌝
)
%
I
%
nat
with
"[Hγ● Hγ◯]"
as
"#J"
.
{
rewrite
/
TC
;
iIntros
">"
.
by
iApply
(
own_auth_nat_le
with
"Hγ● Hγ◯"
).
}
(
*
close
the
invariant
:
*
)
iMod
(
"InvClose"
with
"[ I Hℓ Hγ● Hγ1● Hγ2● ]"
)
as
"_"
;
[
by
auto
with
iFrame

iModIntro
].
wp_let
.
(
*
test
whether
m
≤
0
:
*
)
wp_op
;
destruct
(
bool_decide
(
m
≤
0
))
eqn
:
J
'
;
wp_if
.
(
*
—
if
m
≤
0
then
this
is
absurd
,
because
we
hold
a
time
credit
:
*
)

apply
Is_true_eq_left
,
bool_decide_spec
in
J
'
.
exfalso
;
lia
.
wp_op
.
case_bool_decide
as
J
'
;
wp_if
.
(
*
—
if
m
≤
0
:
*
)

destruct
useTC
.
(
*
if
we
use
TC
,
then
m
≤
0
is
absurd
,
because
we
hold
a
time
credit
:
*
)
+
iDestruct
(
"J"
with
"[//]"
)
as
%
J
.
exfalso
;
lia
.
(
*
if
we
don
’
t
,
then
we
loop
indefinitely
,
which
gives
us
any
spec
we
want
(
because
we
are
reasoning
in
partial
correctness
)
:
*
)
+
iApply
loop_spec
.
(
*
—
otherwise
:
*
)

clear
J
'
.
wp_op
.

wp_op
.
(
*
open
the
invariant
again
,
in
order
to
perform
CAS
on
location
ℓ
:
*
)
wp_bind
(
CAS
_
_
_
)
%
E
;
(
*
iInv
timeCreditN
as
(
n
'
)
">(Hℓ & Hγ●)"
"InvClose"
.
*
)
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
'
)
">(I & Hℓ & Hγ● & Hγ1● & Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
(
*
test
whether
the
value
ℓ
is
still
k
,
by
comparing
m
with
m
'
:
*
)
iInv
tctrN
as
(
m
'
)
"(>I & >Hℓ & Hγ● & >Hγ1● & >Hγ2●)"
"InvClose"
.
(
*
test
whether
the
value
ℓ
is
still
m
,
by
comparing
m
with
m
'
:
*
)
destruct
(
nat_eq_dec
m
m
'
)
as
[
<

Hneq
].
(
*
—
if
it
holds
,
then
CAS
succeeds
and
ℓ
is
decremented
:
*
)
+
wp_cas_suc
.
(
*
reform
the
invariant
with
m
−
1
instead
of
m
:
*
)
replace
(
Z
.
of_nat
m

1
)
with
(
Z
.
of_nat
(
m

1
)
%
nat
)
by
lia
.
iMod
(
auth_nat_update_decr
_
_
_
1
with
"Hγ● Hγ◯"
)
as
"[Hγ● Hγ◯]"
;
first
done
.
iAssert
(
==>
if
useTC
then
own
γ
(
●
nat
(
m

1
))
else
True
)
%
I
with
"[Hγ● Hγ◯]"
as
">Hγ●"
.
{
rewrite
/
TC
;
destruct
useTC
;
last
done
.
by
iMod
(
auth_nat_update_decr
_
_
_
1
with
"Hγ● Hγ◯"
)
as
"[$ _]"
.
}
iMod
(
auth_nat_update_incr
_
_
1
with
"Hγ1●"
)
as
"[Hγ1● Hγ1◯]"
;
simpl
.
iMod
(
auth_mnat_update_incr
'
_
_
_
1
with
"Hγ2● Hγ2◯"
)
as
"[Hγ2● Hγ2◯]"
;
simpl
.
iDestruct
"I"
as
%
I
.
replace
(
max_t
c

m
+
1
)
%
nat
with
(
max_tc

(
m

1
))
%
nat
by
lia
.
assert
((
m

1
)
≤
max_tc
)
%
nat
by
lia
.
replace
(
max_t
r

1

m
+
1
)
%
nat
with
(
max_tr

1

(
m

1
))
%
nat
by
lia
.
assert
((
m

1
)
<
max_tr
)
%
nat
by
lia
.
(
*
close
the
invariant
:
*
)
iMod
(
"InvClose"
with
"[ Hℓ Hγ● Hγ1● Hγ2● ]"
)
as
"_"
;
[
by
auto
with
iFrame

iModIntro
].
(
*
finish
:
*
)
...
...
@@ 342,13 +365,13 @@ Section Definitions.
Theorem
tick_spec_simple
v
n
:
TCTR_invariant

∗
{{{
TC
1
∗
TRdup
n
}}}
tick
v
{{{
RET
v
;
TR
1
∗
TRdup
(
n
+
1
)
}}}
.
Proof
using
max_tr
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
"#Hinv"
(
Ψ
)
"!# [ HTC HTR ] HΨ"
.
by
iApply
(
tick_spec
with
"Hinv [$HTC $HTR] HΨ"
).
Qed
.
Lemma
TC_implementation
:
TCTR_invariant

∗
TCTR_interface
TC
max_tr
TR
TRdup
.
Proof
using
Ineq
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
"#Hinv"
.
repeat
iSplitR
.

iPureIntro
.
by
apply
TC_timeless
.

by
iApply
(
zero_TC
with
"Hinv"
).
...
...
@@ 398,7 +421,7 @@ Proof.
iDestruct
(
envs_lookup_sound
_
i
false
with
"HΔ"
)
as
"[? _]"
=>
//. }
iDestruct
(
into_laterN_env_sound
with
"HΔ"
)
as
"HΔ1"
=>
//.
iDestruct
(
envs_simple_replace_singleton_sound
with
"HΔ1"
)
as
"[HTC HΔ2]"
=>
//=.
iDestruct
"HTC"
as
"[
>
HTC HTC']"
.
iDestruct
(
"HΔ2"
with
"HTC'"
)
as
"HΔ2"
.
iDestruct
"HTC"
as
"[HTC HTC']"
.
iDestruct
(
"HΔ2"
with
"HTC'"
)
as
"HΔ2"
.
iApply
wp_bind
.
destruct
HTR
as
[(
j
&
n
'
&
HTR1
&
HTR2
)

>
],
HTRdup
as
[(
j
'
&
pe
''
&
p
&
HTRDup1
&
HTRDup2
)

>
].
...
...
@@ 453,13 +476,474 @@ Ltac wp_tick ::=

_
=>
fail
"wp_tick: not a 'wp'"
end
.
Example
test
`
{
tctrHeapG
Σ
}
:
TCTR_invariant
100

∗
TC
37

∗
TRdup
63
%
nat

∗
TR
0

∗
WP
tick
#
0
{{
_
,
True
}}
.
Proof
using
.
iIntros
"#Inv HTC HTRdup HTR"
.
wp_tick
.
Abort
.
(
*
*
Simulation
*
)
Section
Simulation
.
(
*
Simulation
in
the
“
successful
”
case
.
*
)
Context
{
Hloc
:
TickCounter
}
.
Context
{
useTC
:
UseTC
}
.
Lemma
exec_tick_success
n
v
σ
:
prim_exec
(
tick
v
)
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#(
S
n
)]
>
σ
)
v
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
n
]
>
σ
)
[].
Proof
.
by
apply
exec_tick_success
.
Qed
.
Definition
simulation_exec_success
:=
simulation_exec_success
(
if
useTC
then
fail
else
loop
).
Definition
simulation_exec_success
'
:=
simulation_exec_success
'
(
if
useTC
then
fail
else
loop
).
(
*
Simulation
in
the
“
failing
”
case
.
*
)
Context
(
HuseTC
:
useTC
=
true
).
Lemma
not_safe_tick
v
σ
:
¬
safe
(
tick
v
)
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
0
]
>
σ
).
Proof
.
assert
(
prim_exec
(
tick
v
)
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
0
]
>
σ
)
(#()
#())
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
0
]
>
σ
)
[])
as
Hexec
.
{
unlock
tick
tctr_tick
generic_tick
fail
;
rewrite
HuseTC
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
by
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
prim_step
.
apply
lookup_insert
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
by
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
by
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
by
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
eapply
prim_exec_cons_nofork
.
{
by
prim_step
.
}
simpl
.
apply
prim_exec_nil
.
}
assert
(
¬
safe
(#()
#())
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
0
]
>
σ
))
as
Hnotsafe
.
{
apply
stuck_not_safe
,
head_stuck_stuck
,
ectxi_language_sub_redexes_are_values
.

split
;
first
done
.
inversion
1.

intros
[]
;
try
discriminate
1
;
inversion
1
;
by
eauto
.
}
intros
Hsafe
.
eapply
Hnotsafe
,
safe_exec_nofork
,
prim_exec_exec
;
eassumption
.
Qed
.
Local
Ltac
not_safe_tick
:=
lazymatch
goal
with


¬
safe
?
e
_
=>
reshape_expr
false
e
ltac
:
(
fun
K
e
'
=>
apply
not_safe_fill
'
with
K
e
'
;
first
reflexivity
;
eapply
not_safe_tick
)
end
;
done
.
Lemma
simulation_head_step_failure
e1
σ
1
κ
e2
σ
2
efs
:
head_step
e1
σ
1
κ
e2
σ
2
efs
→
¬
safe
«
e1
»
S
«σ
1
,
0
»
.
Proof
.
destruct
1
as
[(
*
RecS
*
)
f
x
e
σ













(
*
ForkS
*
)
e1
σ






]
;
simpl_trans
;
try
not_safe_tick
.
(
*
RecS
f
x
e
σ
:
*
)

eapply
not_safe_prim_step
;
last
prim_step
.
not_safe_tick
.
(
*
ForkS
e
σ
:
*
)

eapply
not_safe_prim_step
;
last
prim_step
.
not_safe_tick
.
Qed
.
Lemma
simulation_prim_step_failure
e1
σ
1
κ
e2
σ
2
efs
:
prim_step
e1
σ
1
κ
e2
σ
2
efs
→
¬
safe
«
e1
»
S
«σ
1
,
0
»
.
Proof
.
intros
[
K
e1
'
e2
'
>
>
H
].
rewrite
translation_fill
.
by
eapply
not_safe_fill
,
simulation_head_step_failure
.
Qed
.
Lemma
simulation_step_failure
t1
σ
1
κ
t2
σ
2
:
step
(
t1
,
σ
1
)
κ
(
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
∃
e1
,
e1
∈
t1
∧
¬
safe
«
e1
»
S
«σ
1
,
0
»
.
Proof
.
intros
[
e1
σ
1_
e2
σ
2_
efs
t
t
'
E1
E2
Hstep
]
;
injection
E1
as
>
<
;
injection
E2
as
>
<
.
exists
e1
;
split
;
first
set_solver
.
by
eapply
simulation_prim_step_failure
.
Qed
.
Local
Lemma
simulation_exec_failure_now
n
t1
σ
1
t2
σ
2
:
nsteps
erased_step
(
S
n
)
(
t1
,
σ
1
)
(
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
∃
e1
,
e1
∈
t1
∧
¬
safe
«
e1
»
S
«σ
1
,
0
»
.
Proof
.
make_eq
(
S
n
)
as
Sn
En
.
make_eq
(
t1
,
σ
1
)
as
config1
E1
.
destruct
1
as
[
?

?
?
[]
?
[
?
?
]
_
],
E1
.

discriminate
En
.

by
eapply
simulation_step_failure
.
Qed
.
Lemma
simulation_exec_failure
m
n
e1
σ
1
t2
σ
2
:
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
→
nsteps
erased_step
(
m
+
S
n
)
([
e1
],
σ
1
)
(
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
¬
safe
«
e1
»
S
«σ
1
,
m
»
.
Proof
.
intros
H
ℓ
Hnsteps
.
assert
(
∃
t3
σ
3
,
rtc
erased_step
(
T
«
[
e1
]
»
,
S
«σ
1
,
m
»
)
(
T
«
t3
»
,
S
«σ
3
,
0
»
)
∧
∃
e3
,
e3
∈
t3
∧
¬
safe
«
e3
»
S
«σ
3
,
0
»
)
as
(
t3
&
σ
3
&
Hsteps
&
e3
&
E3
&
Hsafe
).
{
apply
nsteps_split
in
Hnsteps
as
((
t3
,
σ
3
)
&
Hnsteps1to3
&
Hnsteps3to2
).
exists
t3
,
σ
3
;
repeat
split
.

assert
(
σ
3
!!
ℓ
=
None
)
by
(
eapply
loc_fresh_in_dom_nsteps
;
cycle
1
;
eassumption
).
replace
m
with
(
m
+
0
)
%
nat
by
lia
.
apply
simulation_exec_success
;
assumption
.

by
eapply
simulation_exec_failure_now
.
}
apply
(
elem_of_list_fmap_1
translation
)
in
E3
.
eapply
not_safe_exec
;
eassumption
.
Qed
.
End
Simulation
.
(
*
*
Soundness
*
)
Section
Soundness
.
(
**
Part
of
the
proof
of
soundness
which
is
specific
to
the
case
where
**
time
credits
are
used
(
m
<
max_tr
).
**
)
(
*
assuming
the
safety
of
the
translated
expression
,
*
a
proof
that
the
computation
time
of
the
original
expression
is
bounded
.
*
)
Local
Lemma
gt_sum
m
n
:
(
m
>
n
)
%
nat
→
∃
(
k
:
nat
),
m
=
(
n
+
S
k
)
%
nat
.
Proof
.
intro
.
exists
(
m

S
n
)
%
nat
.
lia
.
Qed
.
Lemma
safe_tctranslation__bounded
{
Hloc
:
TickCounter
}
{
useTC
:
UseTC
}
m
e
σ
t2
σ
2
n
:
useTC
=
true
→
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
→
safe
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
→
nsteps
erased_step
n
([
e
],
σ
)
(
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
(
n
≤
m
)
%
nat
.
Proof
.
intros
HuseTC
Hfresh
Hsafe
Hnsteps
.
(
*
reasoning
by
contradiction
:
assume
(
n
>
m
),
ie
.
(
n
=
m
+
S
k
)
for
some
k
:
*
)
apply
not_gt
;
intros
[
k
>
]
%
gt_sum
.
(
*
apply
the
simulation
lemma
:
*
)
by
eapply
simulation_exec_failure
.
Qed
.
(
*
assuming
the
safety
of
the
translated
expression
,
*
a
proof
that
the
original
expression
is
safe
.
*
)
Lemma
safe_tctranslation__safe_here
{
Hloc
:
TickCounter
}
{
useTC
:
UseTC
}
m
e
σ
:
useTC
=
true
→
loc_fresh_in_expr
ℓ
e
→
safe
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
→
is_Some
(
to_val
e
)
∨
reducible
e
σ
.
Proof
.
intros
HuseTC
Hfresh
Hsafe
.
(
*
case
analysis
on
whether
e
is
a
value
…
*
)
destruct
(
to_val
e
)
as
[
v

]
eqn
:
Hnotval
.
(
*
—
if
e
is
a
value
,
then
we
get
the
result
immediately
:
*
)

left
.
eauto
.
(
*
—
if
e
is
not
a
value
,
then
we
show
that
it
is
reducible
:
*
)

right
.
(
*
we
decompose
e
into
a
maximal
evaluation
context
K
and
a
head

redex
:
*
)
pose
proof
(
not_val_fill_active_item
_
Hnotval
)
as
He
;
clear
Hnotval
.
destruct
He
as
[
(
K
&
x
&
>
)

[
(
K
&
e1
&
>
)

[
(
K
&
f
&
x
&
e1
&
>
)

(
K
&
ki
&
v
&
>
&
Hactive
)
]]].
(
*
—
either
e
=
Var
x
:
*
)
+
(
*
then
Var
x
is
stuck
*
)
exfalso
.
eapply
stuck_not_safe
;
[

done
].
rewrite
translation_fill
.
apply
stuck_fill
,
head_stuck_stuck
.
{
split
;
[
done

].
intros
????
Hstep
.
inversion
Hstep
.
}
apply
ectxi_language_sub_redexes_are_values
=>
[]
//.
(
*
—
either
e
=
K
[
Fork
e1
]
:
*
)
+
(
*
then
we
easily
derive
a
reduction
from
e
:
*
)
eexists
_
,
_
,
_
,
_.
apply
Ectx_step
'
,
ForkS
.
(
*
—
either
e
=
K
[
Rec
f
x
e1
]
:
*
)
+
(
*
then
we
easily
derive
a
reduction
from
e
:
*
)
eexists
_
,
_
,
_
,
_.
apply
Ectx_step
'
,
RecS
.
(
*
—
or
e
=
K
[
ki
[
v
]]
where
ki
is
an
active
item
:
*
)
+
(
*
it
is
enough
to
show
that
ki
[
v
]
is
reducible
:
*
)
apply
loc_fresh_in_expr_fill_inv
in
Hfresh
;
rewrite
>
translation_fill
in
Hsafe
;
apply
safe_fill_inv
in
Hsafe
;
apply
reducible_fill
;
clear
K
.
(
*
we
deduce
the
reducibility
of
ki
[
v
]
from
that
of
«
ki
»
[
«
v
»
]
:
*
)
eapply
active_item_translation_reducible
;
[
done

done

].
(
*
remind
that
«
ki
[
v
]
»
=
«
ki
»
[
tick
«
v
»
]
:
*
)
rewrite
>
translation_fill_item_active
in
Hsafe
;
last
done
.
(
*
we
have
that
«
ki
»
[
tick
«
v
»
]
reduces
to
«
ki
»
[
«
v
»
]
*
(
thanks
to
the
safety
hypothesis
,
m
≥
1
and
‘
tick
’
can
be
run
)
:
*
)
assert
(
prim_exec
(
fill_item
Ki
«
ki
»
(
tick
V
«
v
»
))
S
«σ
,
m
»
(
fill_item
Ki
«
ki
»
V
«
v
»
)
S
«σ
,
m

1
»
[]
)
as
Hsteps
%
prim_exec_exec
.
{
assert
(
fill
[
Ki
«
ki
»
]
=
fill_item
Ki
«
ki
»
)
as
E
by
reflexivity
;
destruct
E
.
apply
prim_exec_fill
.
apply
safe_fill_inv
in
Hsafe
.
(
*
This
is
where
the
unsafe
behavior
of
“
tick
”
is
used
:
*
)
destruct
m
as
[

m
]
;
first
(
exfalso
;
eapply
not_safe_tick
;
eassumption
).
replace
(
S
m

1
)
%
nat
with
m
by
lia
.
apply
exec_tick_success
.
}
(
*
using
the
safety
of
«
ki
»
[
tick
«
v
»
],
we
proceed
by
case
analysis
…
*
)
eapply
Hsafe
in
Hsteps
as
[
Hisval

Hred
]
;
auto
using
elem_of_list_here
.
(
*
—
either
«
ki
»
[
«
v
»
]
is
a
value
:
this
is
not
possible
because
ki
is
active
.
*
)
*
simpl
in
Hisval
.
rewrite
active_item_not_val
in
Hisval
;
[
by
apply
is_Some_None
in
Hisval

by
apply
is_active_translationKi
].
(
*
—
or
«
ki
»
[
«
v
»
]
reduces
to
something
:
this
is
precisely
what
we
need
.
*
)
*
exact
Hred
.
Qed
.
Lemma
safe_tctranslation__safe
{
Hloc
:
TickCounter
}
{
useTC
:
UseTC
}
m
e
σ
t2
σ
2
e2
:
useTC
=
true
→
loc_fresh_in_expr
ℓ
e2
→
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
→
safe
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
→
rtc
erased_step
([
e
],
σ
)
(
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
e2
∈
t2
→
is_Some
(
to_val
e2
)
∨
reducible
e2
σ
2.
Proof
.
intros
HuseTC
H
ℓ
e
H
ℓσ
Hsafe
[
n
Hnsteps
]
%
rtc_nsteps
He2
.
assert
(
n
≤
m
)
%
nat
by
by
eapply
safe_tctranslation__bounded
.
assert
(
safe
«
e2
»
S
«σ
2
,
m

n
»
)
as
Hsafe2
.
{
eapply
safe_exec
.

eapply
elem_of_list_fmap_1
.
eassumption
.

eassumption
.

change
[
«
e
»
]
with
T
«
[
e
]
»
.
apply
simulation_exec_success
'
;
auto
.
}
by
eapply
safe_tctranslation__safe_here
.
Qed
.
(
*
assuming
the
adequacy
of
the
translated
expression
,
*
a
proof
that
the
original
expression
has
adequate
results
.
*
)
Lemma
adequate_tctranslation__adequate_result
{
Hloc
:
TickCounter
}
{
useTC
:
UseTC
}
m
φ
e
σ
t2
σ
2
v2
:
useTC
=
true
→
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
→
adequate
NotStuck
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
(
λ
v
σ
,
φ
(
invtranslationV
v
))
→
rtc
erased_step
([
e
],
σ
)
(
Val
v2
::
t2
,
σ
2
)
→
φ
v2
.
Proof
.
intros
HuseTC
Hfresh
Hadq
[
n
Hnsteps
]
%
rtc_nsteps
.
assert
(
safe
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
)
as
Hsafe
by
by
eapply
safe_adequate
.
assert
(
n
≤
m
)
%
nat
by
by
eapply
safe_tctranslation__bounded
.
replace
(
φ
v2
)
with
((
φ
∘
invtranslationV
)
(
translationV
v2
))
by
(
simpl
;
by
rewrite
invtranslationV_translationV
).
eapply
(
adequate_result
_
_
_
(
λ
v
σ
,
φ
(
invtranslationV
v
)))
;
first
done
.
change
[
«
e
»
%
E
]
with
T
«
[
e
]
»
.
replace
(
Val
«
v2
»
::
_
)
with
(
T
«
Val
v2
::
t2
»
)
by
done
.
eapply
simulation_exec_success
'
;
eauto
.
Qed
.
(
*
now
let
’
s
combine
the
three
results
.
*
)
Lemma
adequate_tctranslation__adequate_and_bounded
m
φ
e
σ
:
let
useTC
:
UseTC
:=
true
in
(
∀
`
{
TickCounter
}
,
adequate
NotStuck
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
m
»
(
λ
v
σ
,
φ
(
invtranslationV
v
)))
→
adequate
NotStuck
e
σ
(
λ
v
σ
,
φ
v
)
∧
bounded_time
e
σ
m
.
Proof
.
intros
useTC
Hadq
.
split
;
first
split
.
(
*
(
1
)
adequate
result
:
*
)

intros
t2
σ
2
v2
Hsteps
.
(
*
build
a
location
ℓ
which
is
not
in
the
domain
of
σ
2
:
*
)
pose
(
Build_TickCounter
(
fresh
(
dom
(
gset
loc
)
σ
2
)))
as
Hloc
.
assert
(
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
)
by
(
simpl
;
eapply
not_elem_of_dom
,
is_fresh
).
by
eapply
adequate_tctranslation__adequate_result
.
(
*
(
2
)
safety
:
*
)

intros
t2
σ
2
e2
_
Hsteps
He2
.
(
*
build
a
location
ℓ
which
is
fresh
in
e2
and
in
the
domain
of
σ
2
:
*
)
pose
(
set1
:=
loc_set_of_expr
e2
:
gset
loc
).
pose
(
set2
:=
dom
(
gset
loc
)
σ
2
:
gset
loc
).
pose
(
Build_TickCounter
(
fresh
(
set1
∪
set2
)))
as
Hloc
.
eassert
(
ℓ
∉
set1
∪
set2
)
as
[
H
ℓ
1
H
ℓ
2
]
%
not_elem_of_union
by
(
unfold
ℓ
;
apply
is_fresh
).
assert
(
loc_fresh_in_expr
ℓ
e2
)
by
by
apply
loc_not_in_set_is_fresh_in_expr
.
assert
(
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
)
by
by
(
simpl
;
eapply
not_elem_of_dom
).
specialize
(
Hadq
Hloc
)
as
Hsafe
%
safe_adequate
.
by
eapply
safe_tctranslation__safe
.
(
*
(
3
)
bounded
time
:
*
)

intros
t2
σ
2
k
.
(
*
build
a
location
ℓ
which
is
not
in
the
domain
of
σ
2
:
*
)
pose
(
Build_TickCounter
(
fresh
(
dom
(
gset
loc
)
σ
2
)))
as
Hloc
.
assert
(
σ
2
!!
ℓ
=
None
)
by
(
unfold
ℓ
;
eapply
not_elem_of_dom
,
is_fresh
).
specialize
(
Hadq
Hloc
)
as
Hsafe
%
safe_adequate
.
by
eapply
safe_tctranslation__bounded
.
Qed
.
(
**
Part
of
the
proof
of
soundness
which
is
specific
to
the
case
where
**
time
credits
are
not
used
(
m
≥
max_tr
).
**
)
(
*
assuming
the
adequacy
of
the
translated
expression
,
*
a
proof
that
the
original
expression
is
n

adequate
.
*
)
Definition
adequate_trtranslation__nadequate
:=
adequate_translation__nadequate
loop
.
(
**
Part
of
the
proof
which
is
common
to
both
cases
.
**
)
(
*
from
a
Hoare
triple
in
Iris
,
*
derive
the
adequacy
of
the
translated
expression
.
*
)
Lemma
spec_tctranslation__adequate_translation
{
Σ
}
max_tr
m
ψ
e
:
(
0
<
max_tr
)
%
nat
→
(
∀
`
{
tctrHeapG
Σ
}
,
TCTR_invariant
max_tr

∗
{{{
TC
m
}}}
«
e
»
{{{
v
,
RET
v
;
⌜ψ
v
⌝
}}}
)
→
∀
`
{
tctrHeapPreG
Σ
}
`
{
TickCounter
}
σ
,
let
useTC
:
UseTC
:=
bool_decide
(
m
<
max_tr
)
%
nat
in
let
M
:
nat
:=
min
m
(
max_tr

1
)
in
adequate
NotStuck
«
e
»
S
«σ
,
M
»
(
λ
v
σ
,
ψ
v
).
Proof
.
intros
Imax_tr
Hspec
HpreG
Hloc
σ
useTC
M
.
assert
(
M
≤
m
)
%
nat
by
(
unfold
M
;
lia
).
assert
(
M
<
max_tr
)
%
nat
by
(
unfold
M
;
lia
).
(
*
apply
the
adequacy
results
.
*
)
apply
(
wp_adequacy
_
_
)
;
simpl
;
intros
HinvG
.
(
*
…
now
we
have
to
prove
a
WP
.
*
)
set
σ'
:=
S
«σ»
.
(
*
allocate
the
heap
,
including
cell
ℓ
(
on
which
we
need
to
keep
an
eye
)
:
*
)
iMod
(
own_alloc
(
●
to_gen_heap
(
<
[
ℓ
:=
#
M
]
>
σ'
)
⋅
◯
to_gen_heap
{
[
ℓ
:=
#
M
]
}
))
as
(
h
)
"[Hh● Hℓ◯]"
.
{
apply
auth_valid_discrete_2
;
split
.

rewrite

insert_delete
;
set
σ''
:=
delete
ℓ
σ'
.
unfold
to_gen_heap
;
rewrite
2
!
fmap_insert
fmap_empty
insert_empty
.
exists
(
to_gen_heap
σ''
).
rewrite
(
@
gmap
.
insert_singleton_op
_
_
_
_
(
to_gen_heap
σ''
))
//.
rewrite
lookup_fmap
;
apply
fmap_None
,
lookup_delete
.

apply
to_gen_heap_valid
.
}
(
*
allocate
the
ghost
state
associated
with
ℓ
:
*
)
iAssert
(
==>
∃
γ
,
(
if
useTC
then
own
γ
(
●
M
)
else
True
)
∗
(
if
useTC
then
own
γ
(
◯
m
)
else
True
)
)
%
I
as
"Hγalloc"
.
{
rewrite
/
useTC
;
case_bool_decide
;
last
done
.
rewrite
(
_
:
M
=
m
)
;
last
by
(
rewrite
/
M
;
lia
).
iMod
(
auth_nat_alloc
m
)
as
(
γ
)
"[Hγ● Hγ◯]"
.
auto
with
iFrame
.
<